Three Organic Fertilzer Tips

Whether you are switching over a small garden or a large farm plot to organic fertilizer, knowing how to best apply it is key to ensuring that it works well. Your tools may vary from small hand tools to larger equipment, but the basic methodology stays the same. The following tips can help you with application of organic dry pelleted fertilizer.

Tip #1: Deep cultivation is usually unnecessary

In most cases dry fertilizers can be added directly to the soil surface, so there is no need for the labor or time to dig the fertilizer into the plant roots. The only exception is phosphorus, which must be available in the root zone of the plants. For this reason, it is best to apply phosphorus before planting. To determine whether phosphorus is necessary, have a soil test performed. You don't want to add too much phosphorus as it can pollute waterways when applied in excess. If it's necessary, apply the amount indicated by the test then till it in. Plant your garden or field, then apply all future growing season fertilizer applications on top of the soil.

Tip #2: Know which fertilizer to use

In most instances dry pelleted fertilizers work well. These are applied to the soil surface. The pellets then dissolve when they come in contact with ground moisture or irrigation water. This allows the nutrients to seep into the soil where plant roots can access them. These are easy to apply by hand or with standard spreader equipment. There is one instant where you may prefer a liquid organic fertilizer, though. Unseasonably cool weather slows microbial activity in the soil, which then prevents the breakdown of pelleted fertilizers into a form usable by the plants. When this is the case, use a liquid fertilizer so the nutrients become available to plants immediately.

Tip #3: Have a plan in mind

The surest way for a grower to shy away from organic fertilizers is by not planning ahead. Most organic fertilizers feed weeds and desired plants alike, so have a plan for tackling the weeds. This is usually done in organic plots through regular cultivation and with the use of heavy mulches. It's also necessary to have a soil test done for more than just the phosphorus level. This way you can see how many other nutrients are in the soil, particularly nitrogen, and plan your fertilizer amounts and application frequency accordingly. Over application isn't just a waste of money, the excess nutrients can also lead to further weed growth.

Talk to a fertilizer company, such as Nature Safe, for more help.